5th RTD Framework Programme of the European Commission;

the Europe-wide network was established within the FP-5 project GLORIA-Europe as a pilot project for the world-wide network. GLORIA-Europe was designed as a contribution to GTOS and to the European observation activities performed under the auspices of the European Environment Agency, and is planned to be a component of a ground-based global observation system supported by the European Commission.

GTOS, the Global Terrestrial Observing System,

established by FAO, ICSU, UNEP, UNESCO, and WMO. GTOS is a programme for observation, modelling, and analysis of terrestrial ecosystems to support sustainable development. It facilitates access to ecosystem information for researchers and policy makers. GTOS has identified mountain-related climate change research as a priority. GLORIA was endorsed as one of three mountain-related activities (see:

Austrian Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Culture

Austrian Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Culture has supported the GLORIA co-ordination.

Austrian Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management

supports the extension of the GLORIA network and the GLORIA mastersite 'Schrankogel' in Austria.

Government of Tyrol/Austria

supports the GLORIA mastersite 'Schrankogel'.

Austrian Academy of Sciences

Austrian Academy of Sciences supports the GLORIA network through the national IGBP budget; in particular to foster the development of GLORIA master sites in Austria. See also under "science highlights" at the IGBP web site.

Mountain Research Initiative (MRI)

Mountain Research Initiative (MRI), endorsed by the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP), the International Human Dimensions Programme (IHDP), and GTOS. Information generated by the GLORIA network coincides with the first key objective for the MRI Mountain Work Plan (Becker and Bugmann 2001): "detecting signals of global environmental change in mountain environments". GLORIA closely co-operates with the MRI towards the integration within the wider scope of global change research including its physical, biological, and socio-economic dimensions; e.g. through the FP-6 project GLOCHAMORE of the European Commission.


UNESCO MaB network of biosphere reserves in mountain regions. The protected core zone of MaB biosphere reserves can provide perfect sites for looking at climate change effects on biodiversity and vegetation patterns. Further, the general structuring of biosphere reserves into core, buffer and transition zones potentially allows an immediate comparison of climate change-induced impacts with those caused by human landuse. Therefore, a co-operation with UNESCO MaB has started in 2004 in order to assess the potential for establishing GLORIA observation sites in MaB biosphere reserves.
This co-operation yielded the implementation of GLORIA sites in UNESCO Biosphere Reserves:
the target region in Araucarias Biosphere Reserve in Chile has already been setup, Huascaran Biosphere Reserve in Peru and Katunsky Biosphere Reserve in the Russian Altai mountains are in work.
In total 14 target regions lie within or in the close vicinity of UNESCO Biosphere Reserves.

Global Mountain Biodiversity Assessment (GMBA)

Global Mountain Biodiversity Assessment (GMBA), an initiative of the international programme DIVERSITAS. The goals of the GMBA, to document and to synthesise existing knowledge of, and to investigate the human influence on mountain biodiversity, as well as to support conservation and sustainable development strategies, are in line with the GLORIA network, resulting in a close collaboration.

Centre for Mountain Studies

Centre for Mountain Studies at Perth College/Scotland, playing a key role as advisor on mountain issues to international organisations such as IUCN-The World Conservation Union (Price paper), UNEP and UNESCO.



Consortium for Integrated Climate Research in Western Mountains has opened the North American GLORIA chapter.


Assessing LArge scale Risks for biodiversity with tested Methods

is a EC FP-6 Integrated Project started in 2004. Its objectives are:

  • To develop an integrated large scale risk assessment for biodiversity as well as terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems as a part of environmental risk assessment.
  • To focus on risks consequent on climate change, environmental chemicals, rates and extent of loss of pollinators and biological invasions.
  • To establish socio-economic risk indicators related to the drivers of biodiversity pressures as a tool to support long-term oriented mitigating policies and to monitor their implementation.v
  • To develop, for the first time, a research network that is consistently thinking, interacting, and investigating on a continental scale across different environmental problems (impacts) and across different spatial and temporal scales of ecosystem diversity changes.
  • To provide a contribution to objective based politics, to policy integration and to derive outcome-oriented policy measures in the field of biodiversity preservation by contributing to the integrated assessment of socio-economic drivers affecting biodiversity and integrated, long-term oriented means to mitigate them.
GLORIA contributes to ALARM with data and analyses to assess biodiversity risks for the European alpine lifezone.


MIRENis a global programme aimed at understanding the problem of plant invasions into mountain areas. A co-operation between MIREN and GLORIA is planned by using the GLORIA plots to detect plant invasions.


co-operations with powerful NGO's, dealing with nature conservation and sustainable development in mountain regions, such as the Worldwide Fund for Nature (WWF), the Commission Internationale pour la Protection des Alpes (CIPRA), and The Nature Conservancy should be continued to foster the flow of information to both the public and to policymakers.

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